Cancer

Risk Factors Leading to Liver Cancer

Gender:
Gender:

Hepatocellular carcinoma is much more common in males than in females. Much of this is probably because of behaviors affecting some of the risk factors. The fibrolamellar subtype of HCC occurs in about equal numbers in both sexes.

Cirrhosis:
Cirrhosis:

Cirrhosis is a slowly progressing disease in which healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue, eventually preventing the liver from functioning properly. The scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and slows the processing of nutrients, hormones, drugs, and naturally produced toxins.

Excessive consumption of alcohol:
Excessive consumption of alcohol:

Consuming more amount of alcohol which can’t be accepted by our body, on a daily basis for many years, leads to severe liver damage. Liver damage due to alcohol develops high risk for liver cancer.

Consumption of aflatoxins contaminated food:
Consumption of aflatoxins contaminated food:

Consuming food which are contaminated with micro organisms that produces aflatoxin, increases the chance of this cancer. Crops like corn or peanuts are more sensitive to be contaminated with fungal aflatoxins.

Chronic Infection of HBV and HCV:
Chronic Infection of HBV and HCV:

Infections with hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis B virus (HBV) increases the risk up to 8 fold.

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