Cancer

What is the Role of Metastasis Phase in Cancer Treatment?

The phase of cancer where its cure is different than its treatment is called as metastasis. If a patient has crossed this phase then the disease is cured by curbing its symptoms and signs. Awareness for this helps in early diagnosis of cancer.

The symptoms of cancer remain latent until it reaches the metastasis phase. The signs and symptoms appear only after crossing this phase. It’s an indication that the ailment of cancer has reached its advanced stage and can now only be treated and not cured. There are certain medical tools to diagnose the metastasis phase of cancer, but this can be diagnosed only at the later stages.


If a metastasis tumor is diagnosed, it clearly shows the presence of primary tumors as well. It even reveals the type of cancer and the stage of cancer a patient is suffering from. The most common organs which suffer from metastasis cancer are bone, liver, lungs and brain. The symptoms shown by these organs during this phase are:

  • Liver:

    Swelling of liver and jaundice

  • Brain:

    Vertigo, headaches and seizures

  • Bone:

    Fracture of bone which is having cancer along with the pain in it

  • Lungs:

    Blood coming from sputum, Cough and shortness of breath

The most common sign of metastasis cancer is the swelling of the lymph nodes (round shaped immune system organ). The swelling of this organ indicates that the immune system cells are exhausted from fighting back the foreign cells (cancer cells) and that the body needs immediate attention and treatments.

What are the treatments available to destroy the malignant cancerous cells?

Following are the best options available to treat cancer at the

metastasis phase

:

  • Surgery:

    It is the physical removal of the mass of malignant tumor by surgical operation. This treatment can cure the disease to a good extend if the disease is diagnosed at the initial stage.

  • Radiation therapy:

    This method involves energy waves which are directed on the malignant tumor cells. This method burns the cancerous cell leading to cure of the ailment.

  • Hormone therapy:

    This therapy uses the chemical molecule signaling process to treat the uncontrolled malignant cancer cells.

  • Cryosurgery:

    This technique uses the science of cold liquid nitrogen for freezing the cancer cells and finally putting an end to their existence.

  • Chemotherapy:

    This therapy involves the administration of drugs into the patient’s body. These drugs then target the cancerous cells by releasing powerful chemicals at the tumorous site and killing the cancerous cells.

Depending on the below mentioned factors, the treatment for cancer patients are decided:

  • Stage of cancer
  • Type and origin of cancer
  • Size of the cancer cell mass
  • Medical history and age of the patient

Challenges Faced by the Metastasis Phase of Cancer:

There are 2 broad categories for the researches going on in the field of cancer:

  • Scientific:

    This focuses on the origin and nature of the disease.

  • Clinical:

    This deals with the practical issues such as direct dealing with the patient who is suffering with the ailment. Many clinical researches have shown new facts such as new mechanism of action and the different treatments that can be opted for cancer. All this new researches are opting for targeting the process of metastasis.

In one of the clinical studies which were held recently, the scientists have revealed that the cancerous cells have small lumps on their surface which drains out the chemicals which are induced during chemotherapy. This has given an idea to all the scientific chemotherapy treatments which are failing to cure the ailment. This is helping in the advancement of the treatment so as to overcome this situation.

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