Cancer

Adnexal and Skin Appendage Neoplasm

Adnexa

refer to external portion of organs, especially of the eyes, skin and uterus. Tumors which grow in these regions are called adnexal neoplasm. These tumors are benign in nature, but in few cases it becomes malignant and invasive.

SAT – Skin appendage adnexal tumors

, affects the pilo sebaceous unit and the sweat glands. This consists of hair follicles, hair shaft and erector pili muscles.
Uterine adnexal tumor occurs at the ovaries and fallopian tubes, whereas optical adnexal tumor affects the eyelids and tear glands. Since this ailment affects different group of organs, they are difficult to classify and diagnose.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Adnexal and Skin Appendage Neoplasm?

  • Yellow bumps on the tumor affected areas. They are difficult to notice during the initial stages and are mistaken as swellings. Patient goes for medical attention only when the tumor becomes large and painful, or in case of tumor in the eyes, when the vision is hampered.
  • The symptoms of Uterine adnexal tumor are visible only when they grow in size and become malignant in nature. The symptoms shown are abdominal pain, stomach cramps, irregular menstruation etc. Fever, odorless discharge and nausea are also seen, but are less common.

How to Diagnose this Skin Appendage Neoplasm?

  • Visible tumors are diagnosed through biopsy.
  • Uterine tumor is diagnosed with MT (imaging techniques). This helps to locate the tumor site. Ultrasound and X-rays indicate the growth of tumor. MRI and CT scan helps to identify the size, exact location and nature of the tumor.
  • Biopsy is done for uterine tumors if they show signs of cancerous cells. If it is found malignant, addition diagnostic tests are performed to know the stage of cancer and extent of its spread.

What are its Risk Factors?

  • The causes for this tumor are yet not known. Common risk factors seem to be age and gender.
  • Middle aged ladies are more prone to this tumor (at any adnexal sites). Skin tumor affects the women and men equally.
  • Uterine tumor turns malignant, mostly for older women.

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