Know More About Esophageal Cancer Surgery

The esophagus organ is present in the chest region of the body and is about 10 inches long. This is even the part of the digestive tract. The food we consume first have to pass the esophagus before entering the stomach. This is a muscular tube which has several layers, namely:

  • Inner layer or lining:

    This is even called as mucous and helps keep the tube to be moist.

  • Submucosa:

    The glands in this layer make mucus.

  • Muscle layer

  • Outer layer or the lining

Esophagus cancer can originate from any of the above layers. There are many treatments present to cure this cancer.

Esophageal cancer surgery

is the best among all the treatments.

What are the Treatments Involved to Cure this Cancer?

There are 2 main treatments:

  1. Endoscopic therapies:

    This includes few more options under it:

    • Endoscopic mucosal resection
    • Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
    • Cryotherapy
    • Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)
  2. Surgery

Detail Description of Esophageal Cancer Surgery:

The surgery for this cancer is usually done when the cancer is at the advanced stage. This surgery is called as esophagectomy in which the cancerous mass is removed from the body.
There are three types of

esophageal cancer surgery:

  1. Esophagectomy

    : This is the surgery to remove the cancer mass form the body. In this operation the surgeon removes the cancerous cells and destroy the part or layer of the esophagus. They sometimes even destroy the surrounding lymph nodes along with the fundus (upper portion of stomach).

  2. Transhiatal Esophagectomy:

    This operation involves the neck and the abdomen region.

  3. Transthoracic Esophagectomy:

    This operation involves the abdomen and the chest region of the body.

When required, the surgeons perform the surgery using the laproscopic techniques. This is an advance technique which requires only four or five small cuts or hole and post operation only one or two stitches. This causes very less pain and trauma to the patient and they don’t even have to spend huge amount for paying and staying at the hospital.

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