Sarcoma: Treatment and Prognosis
is a cancer of tissues like bone, muscle, cartilage, fat and all of these are known as connective tissues. Different names are given to them depending on the location of this cancer:
- Osteosarcoma is related to the bones.
- Chondrosarcoma is related to the cartilage.
- Leiomosarcoma is related to the smooth muscle.
What are the Treatments for Sarcoma?
- Mostly the patients go for surgery to remove the cancer.
- Surgery can be the combination of chemotherapy and/or radiation or either one of them.
- Liposarcoma treatment is a kind of surgical resection along with chemotherapy which is not being used outside the experimental setting. Adjuvant radiotherapy is also used after surgical excision of liposarcoma.
- Rhabdomyosarcoma should be treated with surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
- Osteosarcoma should be treated with surgical resection along with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Radiotherapy is a last alternative though not as successful as the latter one.
What is the Prognosis Research Data?
- 1% of all adult cancers and 15-20% of all children’s cancer belongs to sarcomas.
- There are thousands of patients and their families suffering with sarcoma world wide.
- Sarcomas are rare with only 15,000 cases per year in the United States. This cancer represent one percent of the 1.5 million new cancer diagnoses in that country every year.
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the common form of this tumor with approximately 3,000-3,500 cases every year in the United States.
- Sarcomas affect people from all age group. Nearly 50% of bone and 20% of soft tissue sarcomas are diagnosed in people below the age of 35.
Why is this Cancer Considered Dangerous?
- They are mostly misdiagnosed. Many a times they are thought to be sports injuries.
- They are diagnosed when they become large and are difficult to remove surgically.
- They metastasized very soon.
- Many sarcomas resist treatments.