Sarcoma: Treatment and Prognosis


is a cancer of tissues like bone, muscle, cartilage, fat and all of these are known as connective tissues. Different names are given to them depending on the location of this cancer:

  • Osteosarcoma is related to the bones.
  • Chondrosarcoma is related to the cartilage.
  • Leiomosarcoma is related to the smooth muscle.

What are the Treatments for Sarcoma?

  • Mostly the patients go for surgery to remove the cancer.
  • Surgery can be the combination of chemotherapy and/or radiation or either one of them.
  • Liposarcoma treatment is a kind of surgical resection along with chemotherapy which is not being used outside the experimental setting. Adjuvant radiotherapy is also used after surgical excision of liposarcoma.
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma should be treated with surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
  • Osteosarcoma should be treated with surgical resection along with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Radiotherapy is a last alternative though not as successful as the latter one.

What is the Prognosis Research Data?

  • 1% of all adult cancers and 15-20% of all children’s cancer belongs to sarcomas.
  • There are thousands of patients and their families suffering with sarcoma world wide.
  • Sarcomas are rare with only 15,000 cases per year in the United States. This cancer represent one percent of the 1.5 million new cancer diagnoses in that country every year.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the common form of this tumor with approximately 3,000-3,500 cases every year in the United States.
  • Sarcomas affect people from all age group. Nearly 50% of bone and 20% of soft tissue sarcomas are diagnosed in people below the age of 35.

Why is this Cancer Considered Dangerous?

  • They are mostly misdiagnosed. Many a times they are thought to be sports injuries.
  • They are diagnosed when they become large and are difficult to remove surgically.
  • They metastasized very soon.
  • Many sarcomas resist treatments.

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