What is Stage 4 Stomach Cancer – Symptoms and Treatment
According to the TNM staging system of cancer, stages 0, 1A, 1B, 2 and 3 precede stage 4 stomach cancer. It is a highly advanced state of gastric neoplasm. Unfortunately, in 80-90 percent diagnosed cases, patients are found either in this stage or close to it.
Cure is extremely rare and treatment aims at managing the complications of the patient and providing best possible palliative care. This article tries to gain further insight on this subject.
What is Stage 4 Stomach Cancer?
The prognosis of gastric neoplasm is itself very poor irrespective of the stages. This is owing to the fact that symptoms remain latent in the initial stages. They are adept at evading diagnostic tools and become apparent in the advanced state celled metastasis.
The rogue cells in this condition, affect the near by and distinct organs of the body too. It is estimated that 80-90 percent diagnosed cases of stomach cancer are found to be under metastasis. Surrounding organs like pancreas and intestine are invaded by the malignant cells.
Small rounded organs of the immune system containing cells of the immune system are known as Lymph nodes. They are present all over the body. They protect the body from foreign threats. Their swelling indicates the body is under serious threat. In stage four, they are completely affected by the rogue cells.
Symptoms of Stomach Cancer Stage 4 are:
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain in the upper portion
- Occasional vomiting
- Black stool
- Blood in the stool
- Dysphagia – Difficulty in swallowing
- Tumor of the stomach extending to the esophagus
Some of the complications of the stomach whose symptoms mimic the above mentioned cancer signs and make them remain latent are gastric ulcers, tropical sprue and virus in the stomach. Specialists like oncologists and gastroenterologists can diagnose these symptoms of advanced gastric cancer.
The specialists try to improve the symptoms and extend the life of the patient. It is done by carrying out some of the stage 4 stomach cancer remedies like laser treatment, surgery, chemotherapy and putting stents to keep the digestive tract open.