Cancer

What is Stomach Cancer Surgery?

Gastric cancer symptoms evade the diagnostic technique and remain latent in the early stage of the disease. If they are diagnosed at this stage,

stomach cancer surgery

is the best available treatment.

But, unfortunately in 80-90 percent cases, the disease is found in its last stage. Surgical procedures along with the combinational technique of chemotherapy and radiation therapy are applied to curb the cancer. This article tries to gain further insight on this subject.

What is Stomach Cancer Surgery?

It is the most common treatment for this ailment. When carried out early, it cures the neoplasm in the stomach. However, in most of the cases it is carried as a part of the management of the ailment. It involves removal of the chunk of malignant cells from their primary site.

Along with the rogue cells, some of the healthy cells in the immediate surroundings of the tumor are also removed as a precautionary measure.
Depending upon the stage of the disease, the rogue cancer cells spread to the surrounding organs of the stomach. These affected parts like the pancreas and the intestine should also be removed in the good interest of the patient’s life.

Billroth’s I or Billroth’s II surgical procedures are carried out to remove the tumor if it is present in the lower part of the organ. As a part of advancement in this treatment modality, an electrical wire loop is sent through the walls of the stomach to remove the tumor and the surrounding linings. It is known as

Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR)

.

But, this approach is effective when the ailment is in its initial stage. Though developed in Japan, this less invasive technique is available in some of the health centers in the United States. Other counter part of this method is called the

Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (ESD)

carried out when a large chunk of the rogue cells has to be removed in single piece intact.

Conclusion:

Stomach cancer surgery

currently provides cure in less than 40 percent cases when carried out in the beginning of the disease. Later, it only provides palliative management of the neoplasm.

Apart from the stage, factors like size, site, medical history and age of the patient play an important role in deciding whether this procedure should be carried out or not.

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