Cancer

What are Cancer Symptoms?

The signs of cancer remain latent until the disease reaches its advanced stage. Though there are certain common

cancer symptoms

, more than 100 types of this disease exist. Every type has its own specific symptoms which are either apparent or remain hidden. This article tries to gain insight on the signs of the dreadful cancer ailment.

What are the Types of Cancer Symptoms?

Signs of cancer can be classified into three types based on the stage of the disease. These types are:

  • Local symptoms (signs when a particular organ is affected by the disease)
  • Metastatic symptoms (signs seen when the disease spreads to the entire body)
  • Systemic symptoms (signs apparent owing to the distinct effects of the disease).

The below mentioned signs of the disease appearing at different stages are the primary indicators of the severity of the cancer. Vital aspects like diagnosis, choice of treatment and prognosis thereafter are dependent on the knowledge of these signs. They are:

  • Unexplainable weight loss
  • Persistent fatigue
  • Fever
  • Pain
  • Chronic cough
  • Excessive sweating at night times
  • Changes in the bowel movements
  • Formation of tumors
  • Swelling of the spleen
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes
  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Vertigo
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Jaundice
  • Fractures
  • Compression of the spinal cord

According to the National Cancer Institute, there were 12 most common cancer types in the United States in 2010. The criterion considered for a cancer type to fall into this category was that the annual incidence of that cancer reported last year should have been 40,000 cases or more.

List of 12 Common Cancer Types in America in 2010:

  • Bladder Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Colon Cancer
  • Endometrial Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Lung Cancer
  • Melanoma
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Thyroid cancer

Incidences of the 12 Most Common Cancer Types in the United States in 2010:

S.No. Cancer Type New Cases Reported in 2010 No. of Deaths in 2010
1. Bladder 70,530 14,680
2. Breast Cancer in Women 207,090 39,840
3. Colon and Rectal 142,570 51,370
4. Endometrial 43,470 7,950
5. Kidney 53,581 11,997
6. Blood Cancer 43,050 21,840
7. Lung 222,520 157,300
8. Melanoma 68,130 8,700
9. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 65,540 20,210
10. Pancreatic 43,140 36,800
11. Prostate 217,730 32,050
12. 44,670 1,690 None

Bladder Cancer Symptoms:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood clot in the urine
  • Urination in small amounts
  • Increase in the frequency of urination
  • Swelling in the lower legs
  • Pain in the lower back closer to the kidneys
  • Rise of infection in the urinary tract
  • Development of mass in the pelvic region of the bladder
  • Bone pain
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in the rectum
  • Anal pain
  • Anemia – Low count of the red blood cells which carry oxygen to the entire body

Symptoms of Cancer in the Breast:

  • No signs in the initial stages (technically called asymptomatic)
  • Thickening of the breast
  • Lump in the breast
  • Underarm lump
  • No pain in the lumps
  • Changes in the shape and size of the breast
  • Skin pitting
  • Swelling in the breast
  • Warm breast
  • Redness
  • Scaly breast
  • Discharge from the nipples
  • Inverted nipples
  • Tenderness in the nipples
  • Swelling of the nipples
  • Redness
  • Swollen areola
  • Redness in the areola
  • Dimpling of the skin
  • Ulceration

Colon Cancer Symptoms:

  • Vomiting
  • Anemia
  • Changes in the bowel habits
  • No signs in the initial stages
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Blood in the stool
  • Unfinished feeling of the bowel movements
  • Gas
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal fullness
  • Bloating
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Narrower stools

Endometrial Cancer Symptoms:

  • Vaginal Discharge
  • Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Difficulty in urination
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during urination

Kidney Cancer Symptoms:

  • No apparent signs in the initial stages
  • Blood in the urine
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Malaise
  • No pain
  • Lump in the kidney area
  • Recurrent fever
  • Anemia
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • High blood pressure
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Sweating in the nights
  • Constipation
  • Vision problem
  • Hydronephrosis

Leukemia Symptoms:

  • Malaise
  • Fatigue
  • Breathlessness
  • Easy or excessive bruising
  • Frequent nose bleeds
  • Bleeding of the gums
  • Fever
  • Recurrent infections
  • Eating disorders like anorexia
  • Weight loss
  • Swelling of the lymph nodes
  • Swelling of the abdominal organs
  • Back pain
  • Bone pain
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Fluid retention
  • Disturbance with vision
  • Headache
  • Decreased urination
  • Confusion
  • Bone fracture
  • Delirium

Lung Cancer Symptoms:

  • Without any signs in the initial stages in 10 percent cases
  • Chronic coughing
  • Blood with cough
  • Worsening of the cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Chronic pain in the chest
  • Wheezing
  • Hoarseness
  • Recurrent pneumonia
  • Recurrent bronchitis
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Swollen face
  • Swollen neck
  • Tiredness
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Accumulation of the fluid in the upper body
  • Excess fluids surround the lungs
  • Rib cage pain
  • Back pain
  • Bone pain
  • Abdominal pain
  • Clubbing of the finger nails
  • Chronic respiratory infections

Melanoma Symptoms:

  • Ugly mole
  • Change in the shape of a mole
  • Change in the color
  • Change in the border of a mole
  • Change in the diameter
  • Newly pigmented skin area
  • Darkened area under the nail
  • The tumor is firm to touch
  • Constant growth in the tumor

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Symptoms:

  • Swelling of the lymph nodes
  • Night sweats
  • Enlarged liver
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Itchy skin
  • Unexplained fever
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Fatigue
  • Pallor
  • Anemia
  • Tiredness
  • Red patches on the skin
  • Shortness of breath

Pancreatic Cancer Symptoms:

  • Dark urine
  • Nausea
  • Yellow skin
  • Itchy skin
  • Yellow eyes
  • No symptoms in the initial stages
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Upper back pain
  • Pain in the abdomen which reduces on bending forward
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Vomiting
  • Worsening abdominal pain
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Pale-color stool
  • Steatorrhea – Presence of excess fat in the feces

Prostate Cancer Symptoms:

  • Asymptomatic or without any signs in the initial stages
  • Urinary problems
  • Frequent urination
  • Urination in night causing disturbance in sleep
  • Urinary obstruction
  • Difficulty in holding back urination
  • Difficulty in starting urination
  • Painful urination
  • Weak flow of urine
  • Inability to urinate
  • Blood in urine
  • Interruption in the flow of urine
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Erection difficulty
  • Pain in the lower back
  • Stiffness in the lower back
  • Presence of white blood cells in the urine
  • Pain in the hips
  • Pain in the upper thighs
  • Weakness in legs
  • Compression in the spinal cord

Thyroid Cancer symptoms:

  • Nodule in front of the neck below the adam’s apple
  • Nodule in the thyroid gland
  • Problem in speaking
  • Formation of a lump
  • Breathing problems
  • Swelling in the neck lymph nodes
  • Difficulty to speak in normal tone
  • Pain in the neck
  • Pain in the throat
  • Difficulty to swallow food
  • Breathing problem

Conclusion:

Awareness of the common

cancer symptoms

can help in early diagnosis and screening of the body. As this ailment has no cure, finding its signs in the initial stages is the only safe way to increase the chances of survival and complete recovery.

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